Other individuals who lived in the Hydraulic Mills-Union Ridge community:

Mary Carr Greer (1894-1973) (Figure 1) and Conly Garfield Greer (1884-1956) are prime examples the role education played in the lives of freed slaves and their children. Mary, eldest child of Hugh and Texie Carr, attended Union Ridge Graded School and was a teacher and then principal of the Albemarle Training School. She oversaw its development into a 4-year accredited institution offering a curriculum comparable to white high schools. Mary Carr Greer Elementary School on Lambs Road is named in her honor.

In 1914, Mary’s husband, Conley Greer (Figure 5), a fellow graduate of the Virginia Normal and Industrial Institute (now Virginia State), became Albemarle County’s first African-American extension agent. He made River View a model farm and taught African-American farmers and 4-H youth modern farming techniques. Now the Ivy Creek Natural Area, the farm is a Virginia African-American Heritage site in honor of a century of Carr-Greer history. 

Dr. John A. Jackson (1888-1957) (Figure 2), educated at Howard University School of Dentistry, was a dentist in Charlottesville and Lynchburg and served as the first Secretary-Treasurer of the National Dental Association. He was instrumental in the development of Washington Park in Charlottesville, where he resided and had his office. He also owned an 82-acre farm adjacent to Jesse S. Sammons; his father, Andrew W. Jackson, had purchased it in 1918. Here Boy Scouts camped and learned to cultivate a garden, and a swimming pool provided a recreational opportunity for African-American children in Albemarle County. Dr. Jackson’s wife, Otelia Love Jackson, served on the Charlottesville Welfare Board and was active in many civic groups. 

Rives Minor (1856-1926) (Figure 3), showed remarkable determination in achieving an education and sharing his knowledge. He attended the Freedmen's school in Charlottesville and Storer College in Harper's Ferry. He taught for thirty years, many of them at the Union Ridge Graded School; he was its principal after the death of Jesse S. Sammons. Through inheritance and purchase he accumulated over sixty acres of land close to Union Ridge Baptist Church. His daughter Asalie Minor Preston was a noted educator in Albemarle County, including at the Albemarle Training School. In 1982, she endowed the Minor-Preston Educational Fund that to this day supports and recognizes worthy public school students in the Charlottesville-Albemarle community and awards scholarships to graduating seniors. 

Horace Solomon (1858-1927) (Figure 4) whose family had been enslaved in the Hydraulic Mills area, farmed on shares in the first years after Emancipation. Soon he was able to buy his own small farm in the Georgetown section of the Hydraulic Mills-Union Ridge community. He and his wife, Fannie Harris (1862-1943), raised fifteen children and some of their descendants still live in the area. 

Historical Information about the Hydraulic Mills/Union Ridge Neighborhood

Figure 1: Mary Carr Greer. Photograph courtesy
of the Ivy Creek Foundation. To visit their site
to learn more about her and her family, click here.

Figure 2: Dr. John A. Jackson.


Figure 3: Rives Minor. Courtesy of the Minor
Preston Educational Fund.

Figure 4: Horace Solomon and Fannie Harris Solomon. Photos Courtesy of Shirley Solomon Parrish.


Figure 5: Conly Greer. Source: Ivy Creek Foundation Website, Click here for more information about him.