Other individuals in the Hydraulic Mills-Union Ridge community:

Berkeley Bullock (c1835-1908) (Figure 1) purchased a 35-acre farm between the properties of Hugh Carr and Jesse S. Sammons. He was a principal founder of what became Union Ridge Baptist Church. In the 1890s he moved into Charlottesville, where he owned and operated a popular restaurant at Union Station and engaged in the wood, coal, and ice business. He was described as “one of the pioneer businessmen of the city.” 

Hugh Carr (c1840-1914) (Figure 2) was born in slavery on the plantation of R. W. Wingfield of Woodlands. He led a life in freedom that exemplifies the struggle and accomplishments of many former slaves in the post-bellum Hydraulic Mills area. At first renting farmland on shares, he began purchasing property in 1870 and left over a hundred acres to his heirs at his death. Carr and his second wife, Texie Mae Hawkins, raised seven children, instilling in them the value of an education, something Carr never had. His children became teachers and community leaders, most notably his daughter Mary Louise Carr Greer. Hugh Carr’s River View farm remained in the family for a hundred years and is now the Ivy Creek Natural Area. 

Moses Gillette (1837-after 1920) (Figure 3) was the son of Martha and Moses Gillette, a cooper at the Hydraulic Mills who had been born in slavery at Monticello and trained in his trade there. The younger Moses Gillette purchased ten acres of land across the Rivanna River from the mills in 1875. There he farmed and raised a very large family. 

Albert Wheeler (c1826-after 1900), who was born in slavery, practiced his blacksmithing trade in freedom, first in North Garden and then at the Hydraulic Mills. He was a trustee of Union Ridge Baptist church. In 1872 Wheeler bought a 32-acre farm close to the mills on the east side of Hugh Carr’s River View farm. There he and his wife, Wilmina, raised six children, one of whom became a teacher. 

Rev. Tinsley Woodfolk (1848-1907), born in slavery, was a prominent Baptist minister. He founded three churches in Albemarle County, including Pleasant Grove Baptist Church established in Earlysville before 1874. In 1869, he married Letitia Allen (1852-1923), who had been enslaved on the Burnley plantation that adjoined four contiguous lots that Tinsley and other family members bought in 1873 in the Cartersburg section of the Hydraulic Mills community. Tinsley and Letitia Woodfolk had ten children; some of their descendants remain in the Charlottesville area.  


Next Page: more on the Hydraulic Mills / Union Ridge Community

Figure 1: Berkeley Bullock. Courtesy of
Corks and Curls, 1889-1890. University
of Virginia Library.

Figure 2: Hugh Carr. Courtesy of the Ivy Creek Foundation.
To visit their site with more information, click here.

Figure 3: Moses Gillette. Courtesy of the Gillette Family.